You’ve probably seen the colorful swirls appear on weather maps in the tropical areas of the world, these are how hurricanes are depicted by the technology that powers the meteorological maps. The technical definition of a hurricane is a tropical storm originating in the Atlantic ocean basin that has sustained winds of over 74 mph.
Hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones are essentially the same thing but the categorization of the storm is dependent on where it occurs. Our chart below details the naming conventions.
Central North Pacific
Eastern North Pacific
Northwest Pacific Ocean
May 15 - November 30
|June - December||September - June|
An 8” hailstone that fell in South Dakota holds the record for the largest hailstone.
For a snow storm to be labeled as a blizzard it has to meet the following criteria for 3 or more hours:
These storms occur in the areas surrounding the Great Lakes when winds pass over the lakes from north to south and pick up moisture in the air along the way. The moisture comes back down to the ground on the south side of the lakes in the form of snow, which can be incredibly heavy and debilitating for the communities.
A funnel cloud is swirling air that forms a tight column, it never touches the ground. A funnel cloud will often precede a tornado, when it touches down, it becomes a tornado.
The strength of a tornado is measured on something known as an Enhanced Fujita Scale (or EF Scale). The numerical measurement is given based on the wind speed and damage that can be caused by the tornado.
|EF Number||Wind Speed|
65 - 85 mph light damage
86 - 100 mph moderate damage
111-135 mph considerate damage
136 - 165 mph severe damage
166 - 200 mph devastating damage
201+ mph incredible damage
The tropical state of Hawaii receives an average of 63.7 inches of rain a year. In the Continental US, Louisiana holds the crown for receiving the most rain per year averaging about 50 inches per year.
A temperature of -135.8 degrees was recorded in Antarctica in 2010. Brrrr.
The hottest temperature ever recorded is 134 degrees in Death Valley in 1913. However this temperature is disputed as scientists who have analyzed the weather and climate claim it’s impossible that the temperature could have gotten that high.
Meteorology is the study of weather events that are short term usually less than a couple of weeks. Climatology is the study weather trends and frequency of weather events over a longer duration of time, oftentimes many years.
Now that you’ve brushed up on random weather trivia facts, you may just be ready for your next virtual trivia night. You can host a trivia game with a group of friends who are in a variety of locations by layering in a conference platform like Zoom or Skype to keep the crew connected.